Years ago, lessons in schools were delivered in the chalk, talk method. Today, most schools use a variety of teaching and learning styles to enhance learning.
Research over the years show that children learn in different ways, e.g. visual, verbal, logical and, therefore, using a range of tasks for each lesson will ensure that all children are included in the learning process.
Teachers find out what their children know, understand and can do, and base their teaching on what they can already do. Being aware of how their pupils learn enable them to structure their lessons appropriately.
Assessment in the classroom is made easier by knowing the childrens’ strengths and weaknesses. Children should know what they have to learn rather than what they have to do!
Positive feedback to students is very important and they should be made aware when they are making good progress. More able children prefer comments to be supportive and challenging, and they enjoy doing research and being given clear directions.
They hate copying, dictation and repeating, and need time to reflect and to talk to the teacher and other learners.
Pupils should be informed of their individual targets. It is wise at times to allow pupils to assess their own work using agreed criteria.
Teachers can introduce open-ended tasks; independent study contracts, creativity and group work especially with the high achievers.
Assessment, both formative and summative, will provide invaluable information for the student, teacher and parents.
It is important to have consistency in assessment judgments across the curriculum and discussing what the pupils do and say in the individual classrooms at staff meetings is a good way of understanding the individual and the demands in other subject areas.
Teachers should record only what they need to let them know the rate of progress in learning of each pupil and be able to show evidence of progress in the form of pupils work.
Planning in advance, knowing your pupils, producing well-structured lessons, evaluating the lessons and the students and providing feedback on a regular basis should provide a very positive, stimulating and caring environment for the students and the teacher.